I will keep this intro brief. My intention for this post is to share resources for white and non-black folks who are interested in having conversations about dismantling white supremacy and anti-black racism. I will primarily be linking to black authors, with some exceptions as appropriate (e.g. people explaining how their experiences of class/race-based oppression doesn’t negate their complicity in/ability to benefit from anti-blackness).
Context (feel free to skip):
I flew home to San Jose on Monday and landed just as Bob McCulloch was beginning his nonsense. I realized I’ve been having a hard time navigating in-person conversations with family and 長輩 (zhǎng bèi, elders) about Ferguson, white supremacy, and anti-blackness.
I originally wrote this: “There are a ton of links circulating on Facebook right now. Information is available. Please do your part in actively seeking out media that has already been created, instead of putting the burden on people of color to explain it to you.” (n.b. In general, yes, if you want to be an ally, put in the work. I don’t think POC owe it to white folks to explain racism, and I don’t think black folks owe it to non-black folks to explain anti-blackness or how to dismantle whiteness. However, I have some time and have been doing some light reading lately, so here is a resource post.)
tl;dr It’s not black people’s responsibility to educate people on white supremacy. It’s hard to confront elders/family/ourselves about racism. I thought a study guide/cheat sheet might help.
- anti-blackness/anti-black racism — racism specifically targeting black people, including within POC and inter-ethnic communities (see also: “Riding with Death: Defining Anti-Blackness” by Nicholas Brady)
- microaggression — a brief exchange that dehumanizes a member of an oppressed group; intent is irrelevant. Think about a bunch of strangers, friends, classmates, etc. all flicking you in the same spot on your arm, several times a day. Each individual flick may not cause harm or hurt at first, but over time, you’ll develop a bruise in that spot, and each ensuing flick will bring out that same pain. (People also commonly use the example of Chinese water torture, but I have also seen people use that metaphor in a racist way, so … )
- POC — people of color, non-white people (btw, people self-identifying as POC does not give you permission to use the expression “colored people”)
- white supremacy — “White supremacy is a low-level assumption about characteristics that white people allegedly have which transforms inequality between them and everyone else into something natural. It often masks itself as fairness and goes unquestioned as a result.” (H/T Imara Jones, here)
Breaking down white privilege
- “Explaining White Privilege to a Broke White Person” by Gina Crosley-Corcoran (medium length article, also critiques class-blind aspects of Peggy McIntosh’s “White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack“)
- privilege a comic: the recycling bin metaphor (comic on Buzzfeed)
- while we’re at it, you can be white and queer, and still be racist: “The Myth of the ‘Natural’ Ally: Why ‘Because Homophobia’ Isn’t an Answer” by KJ Ward (short article, also touches on cisgender privilege)
- ways to leverage your white privilege:
– “12 things white people can do now because Ferguson” (listicle), by Janee Woods (most of this list is also relevant to non-black POC);
– Joy DeGruy, “A Trip to the Grocery Store” (video)
Resources for non-black POC
- Understand that there is a time and place for using the “people of color” umbrella. (Now is not one of them.) Yes, other communities of color experience racism and policing. That is not an invitation to co-opt the work and words of black authors, artists, and academics to apply them to our struggles. Erasing anti-black violence and anti-black racism is anti-blackness, and it is an act of violence.
- Also. ALSO. You better not be responding to #BlackLivesMatter with #AllLivesMatter. Don’t do that.
- APIs: “So why do I expend so much effort on lifting up the oppression of black people? Because anti-black racism is the fulcrum of white supremacy.” — Scot Nakagawa, “Blackness is the Fulcrum” (short article)
- APIs: Soya Jung “The Racial Justice Movement Needs a Model Minority Mutiny” (medium-length article, some academic jargon, but fairly accessible)
- Latinx: “Four Person-to-Person Things I Do to Address Anti-Blackness con Mi Gente” by CarmenLeah Ascencio (intro + listicle, strategies also relevant to other folks)
Other conversation starters
- “Black Moms Tell White Moms About the Race Talk” (article, black mothers explaining how they protect their children from the police)
- Lawrence Otis Graham: “I taught my black kids that their elite upbringing would protect them from discrimination. I was wrong.“
- Shaun King, “The thuggification of young black victims of white violence: Is thug the new n—-r?” (article, highlighting how white mass murderers are brought in alive and unarmed black victims are put on trial for their murders)
Responding to “Violence never solved anything!”
First of all, for those of you who are quoting MLK and calling for nonviolence (a popular choice is “Darkness cannot drive out darkness; only light can do that. Hate cannot drive out hate; only love can do that.”), please keep in mind that just before his assassination (which the U.S. government wanted and helped along), MLK said “We have fought hard and long for integration, as I believe we should have, and I know that we will win. But I’ve come to believe we’re integrating into a burning house.” He also spoke specifically on riots during a speech on March 4, 1968:
I would be the first to say that I am still committed to militant, powerful, massive, nonviolence as the most potent weapon in grappling with the problem from a direct action point of view… But it is not enough for me to stand before you tonight and condemn riots. It would be morally irresponsible for me to do that without, at the same time, condemning the contingent, intolerable conditions that exist in our society. These conditions are the things that cause individuals to feel that they have no other alternative than to engage in violent rebellions to get attention. And I must say tonight that a riot is the language of the unheard.”
- “In Defense of Looting” by Willie Osterweil
- “On Ferguson Protests, the Destruction of Things, and What Violence Really Is (And Isn’t)” by Mia McKenzie
- zuky: “Nothing is accomplished through violence” Except for: every major populist revolution in history; overthrowing monarchies and corrupt dictatorships; defeating Hitler; self-defense against marauding invaders; the founding of all nations; the building of empires and the formation of world civilization as we know it.”
- White People Rioting Over Stupid Shit (Storify, a collection of tweets, with photos) — SPOILER ALERT: It’s sports and pumpkins.
- Also: Someone drove a car through protestors in Minneapolis and has not been arrested. (article with video — warning that the video shows a protestor being dragged by the car)
- Also: Look at what the police are wearing. Look at the ways they’ve been arresting, intimidating, and gassing peaceful protestors for 100+ days. Look at these service people telling the National Guard to stand down.
Maneuvering through derailing tactics
- Try calling in instead of calling out. It’s hard to know how to respond when someone you love says or does something hateful. First of all, it’s your choice if and how you want to respond, and you should do so in a way that makes you feel safe. (Note, that’s safe, not “not uncomfortable.”) Calling someone out treats them like they’re disposable; Ngọc Loan Trần discusses how to engage with someone who made a mistake and keep building.
- “People of color are being oversensitive! We’re caving to political correctness!” This is tone policing. You shut that down. Tone policing is a tool used to maintain oppression. Read this: “The Revolution Will Not Be Polite: The Issue of Nice versus Good” on Social Justice League.
- “But why doesn’t anyone talk about black-on-black crime?” First of all, that’s just wrong, the community is and has been talking about it. Also, most murders are intraracial (within racial groups). And also, that’s changing the subject from police violence and appropriate use of force.
- “But not all white people are terrible!”/”I didn’t choose to be born white!” Pro-tip: If you feel the need to write a dissertation on “not all white allies,” not only are you derailing the conversation you are proving the point.
- (And while we’re at it, can everyone stop sharing that quote from To Kill A Mockingbird that only children are crying? Quote a black person, not a white savior text, and not something that ignores the real pain and fear of adults.)
- “Talking about race makes you the racist!” No. Race is a social construct, you say? So is having seven days in a week. A week is socially constructed and socially real, and it has tangible impacts on your life.
- Follow some people on Twitter:
– Shaun King (has been breaking news in Ferguson, highlighting inconsistencies in Ferguson and St. Louis PD coverups, etc.);
– The Dream Defenders (created after Trayvon Martin was murdered to build radical leaders and dismantle oppressive systems);
– Dignity & Power Now (LA-based org for all incarcerated people, their families, and communities)
- Check out the BlackLivesMatter Facebook page and follow the conversation.
- Justice4MikeBrown tumblr: frequent updates about Ferguson, including how to support (blog run by a white person)
- Black Girl Dangerous: writing by queer and trans people of color; BGD founder Mia McKenzie’s “The White Teachers I Wish I Never Had” is a good starting place (and a bunch of links above are from BGD)
Ways to Support Ferguson:
- The Missourians Organizing for Reform and Empowerment (MORE) legal fund is collecting funds for protestors’ bail and legal fees. Police have been violating protestors’ first amendment rights, as well as setting punitively high bail (ave. $1,000). Donate to the legal fund here (URL is for a donation processing portal).
- Operation Help or Hush has been providing food and shelter for protestors. Donate here.
- The Ferguson Municipal Public Library is staying open as late as possible, since local schools are closed. (They were open from 9-4 on Tuesday.) Donate here. (They’re also accepting BitCoin … )
Other action steps:
- Read Ta-Nehisi Coates’ “The Case for Reparations.” The subhead is a pretty good break down: “Two hundred fifty years of slavery. Ninety years of Jim Crow. Sixty years of separate but equal. Thirty-five years of racist housing policy. Until we reckon with our compounding moral debts, America will never be whole.”
- Keep pushing for body cameras on all police officers (link to petition).
- Dismantle the prison-industrial complex.
OK, so I was going to start a short list and then wake up early and finish, but now it’s 3:43 a.m. and I think I’ll just hit publish.
I want to acknowledge that this post assumes that people will be spending the next few days with family and parents specifically, which is definitely not financially/emotionally/physically possible and/or safe for everyone. I also want to recognize that the Thanksgiving holiday has its own genocidal legacy and is an ongoing site of the erasure of Native Americans and that folks may want to have those conversations as well/before/alongside.
I am open to comments to fix mistakes and/or add resources. I will most likely delete troll comments, or I will screencap them and blog about you later. Haven’t decided.